This blog was written by Sara Barczak, former Regional Advocacy Director with the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy.Guest Blog | March 11, 2015
Today marks the fourth anniversary of the devastating Great Japan East Earthquake and subsequent tsunami that killed many thousands of people, with thousands still missing, and triggered a triple-meltdown at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear plant. A reported 250,000 people still remain displaced, with the Fukushima prefecture officially stating that over 118,000 Fukushima people are still in refuge. And the thousands that lived in areas radioactively contaminated by the nuclear disaster will likely never return to their homes. All of Japan’s nuclear reactors remain offline and the debate about the country’s nuclear future continues.
The extremely complicated issues were summarized in a recent piece in the East Asia Forum — containing the massive amounts of radioactive waste, determining how Japan will safely produce enough electricity, dealing with contaminated topsoil, whether and how to revive agricultural production in fallout-impacted areas and if that happens, how to prove to consumers that produce or seafood is “safe,” weighing the health risks associated with returning to contaminated areas, especially for families with children, the many aspects associated with rebuilding communities and grappling with “emergency preparedness” given the concerns about future earthquakes and natural disasters.
But how is Japan’s disaster playing out here in the U.S.? That, too, is a complicated question and likely depends on who you ask. Despite the economic hit Japan’s economy has taken because of Fukushima’s aftermath and the staggering cost figures associated with the decades-long, arduous stabilization of the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear facility, U.S. Senator Lamar Alexander, who appears to be living in a nuclear fantasyland, is still calling for 100 more reactors to come online (while once again blasting wind turbines that don’t cause meltdowns or have the ability to contaminate huge swaths of land) and is concerned about “excessive and unnecessary regulations” when it comes to the fate of our country’s nuclear reactor fleet.
But in reality, the so-called “nuclear renaissance” is no more and Fukushima had a lot to do with it. So some lessons were learned: nuclear power can have devastating consequences with the potential to affect an entire country’s economy and wreak havoc on its people. And therefore, isn’t the best choice for providing a low-carbon, safe and affordable energy future.
Here in the Southeast, we are unfortunately the home to all five of the country’s under-construction nuclear reactors. The Toshiba-Westinghouse AP1000 reactors are under construction at both Southern Company’s Plant Vogtle in Georgia and SCANA’s V.C. Summer Plant in South Carolina. The 20th Century’s last old reactor — TVA’s Watts Bar 2 — has been under construction in Tennessee since the early 1970s, and unfortunately neither TVA nor the NRC has learned the lessons from Fukushima given seismic and flooding risks at this location, which we feel are being ignored in order to expedite licensing. Other than our region, what is the common denominator for all these projects? All five are over budget and delayed.
Watts Bar 2 has specific ties to Fukushima, especially in terms of seismic and flooding risks. This is all discussed in our recent contention that we filed with the NRC and we now wait to see what that regulator decides.
Please come to your own conclusions on whether lessons were learned or not by reviewing the resources below. Hopefully, our decision makers and regulators will do the same and realize that we have other energy choices that don’t sometimes pose irreversible and overwhelming risks.
- If you haven’t read it yet, please make time now, “Fukushima: The Story of a Nuclear Disaster,” a gripping book documenting the disaster co-authored by Union of Concerned Scientists’ Dave Lochbaum, Ed Lyman, and Pulitzer Prize winning journalist, Susan Stranahan.
- UCS’ Dr. Lyman released today in their All Things Nuclear blog a compelling, must-read post, “Four Years After Fukushima: The NRC at a Tipping Point.” According to UCS, “…The NRC is on the verge of a major decision that could determine whether or not the types of regulatory errors that set the stage for the accident in Japan will be effectively fixed in the United States. The four sitting commissioners (one seat is empty) are currently voting on a controversial proposal by the agency’s senior management that, if accepted as written, could undermine nuclear safety for years to come.“
- Beyond Nuclear has several Fukushima-relevant recent publications including: March 2015 Edition of “The Thunderbird: A closer look at Fukushima,” which includes numerous articles including aspects that affect nuclear reactors here at home; “Fukushima at 4: implications for the U.S.” and an update on their “Freeze Our Fukushimas” campaign in which the NRC was asked (and has since rejected the request) to suspend operating licenses at the now 22 remaining General Electric Mark I boiling water reactors identical to Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear reactors units 1, 2 and 3. Here in the Southeast, we are home to many of these problematic reactor designs.
- An innovative, interactive video from Epic! Energy Labs that allows you to choose and then experience different energy futures, including one that avoids any future Fukushima-style disasters.
- The Guardian has a compelling video, “Fukushima, Japan four years on: Nuclear power and humans cannot coexist.”
- The Japan Times will have a 5-part series focused on the three hardest-hit prefectures in the Tohoku region.
- In light of the ongoing impacts of the Fukushima nuclear catastrophe, Greenpeace International published a global nuclear industry status report,”Fukushima Impact: Accelerating the Nuclear Industry’s Decline.”
- This month the Citizen’s Commission on Nuclear Energy in Japan released “The State of Affairs and Ongoing Challenges of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster—a Civil Society Response Towards Recovery,” for the Third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR 2015) in Sendai, Japan.
- Fairewinds Energy Education developed a compelling video series, “Fukushima Meltdown 4 Years Later.”
- Nuclear Information Resource Service (NIRS) continues to track the nuclear crisis in Japan.